Friday, June 2, 2017

Machine Embroidery Module 3 - Chapter 4 - Fastenings

Page 1.


Sample #1  -   heavy white string 

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This was the first  time I  used the “B” foot with a distinct cord path under the foot.  Tried to use the straw method of feeding the cord to and from the foot and needle with little success. 

Thread  -  Signature 20 wt. 100% cotton – Purple Hope  -  variegated violet to red violet to tints of violet.  Used free embroidery with a zigzag stitch with a  4.0 width.  In the bobbin, I used a violet tint.  I also reduced the foot tension to 1.5 – 2.  I could have gone over the stitching a few more times to completely cover the cord.

Sample #2  and  #3 -  gold cord

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Left Sample – used the “B”  foot pressure of 1 and a zigzag width of 2.  Same threads as sample #1

Right Sample  -    used the free motion foot with a zigzag stitch of a width 2 and a foot pressure of 1.  Thread  used was Premium Sulky – 100% cotton 30 wt. – a variegated threat with a tint of  violet to red violet  to violet . 

In both cases, I could have gone back and forth with the zigzag to cover the background thread better.  Although I do like the gold showing through.

Page 2

Sample #4  -  blue satin rattail

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Free motion  foot using the zigzag stitch.   Thread Studio – Carnivale – 100% rayon in variegated colours from yellow to orange to red to pink to blue. 

Thread did bunch up in areas and there was lots of show throughs of the rattail.

Sample #5  -  pink rattail

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With this sample, I was trying metallics …  all with a stitch width of 2.

a.  sample on the right bottom -  Thread Madeira – #2548 colour (gold, silver, black) – #18 -  in the bobbin and tried cable stitch.  Naturally this thread just laid on the bottom.  I used a gold in cololur 100% polyester for the top thread!! 

b. small sample in the middle at the top right hand side  -  For the top thread, I used Madeira  W/S Wonderfil metallic gold #8858 .  This sample looked better but the heavier thread was still on one side. 

c.  sample on the left  - this time I put the Madeira Wonderfil in the bobbin as well as on the top. This sample worked the best!!!

Page 3

Sample #6 – False suede strip – flat and navy blue

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Used free embroidery foot and free motion  with a zigzag stitch of 2 and a foot pressure of 5. On this sample, I went back and forth.  This worked well and covered the cord much better than the previous examples.

Thread Studio 100% rayon Barrier Reef in a variegated colour blue to blue green to green.  Bobbin had a blue green thread.

Sample #7 -  silk ribbon 1/2 inch wide hand died in variegated colours ranging from red violet to blue to violet.

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I twisted the ribbon as I stitched.  Did zigzag back and forth to cover the ribbon.This gave an irregular twist of the cord. 

Thread – Mettler – 100% polyester -  #9973 variegated colours from shocking pink to violet for the top thread and a medium pink in the bobbin.  Stitch width – 3.

Page 4

Sample # 8  -  White string with three samples of stitching

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This time, I wanted to cover all the string leaving no white spaces.  For all three sections the width of the zigzag was 2.

a. sample on the left  -  bobbin thread  - Wonderfil #8858 gold metallic. Two top threads (100% cotton)  – Aurifil #2460  - wine red and Aurifil #5002 – rose pink.     This sample left a layer of gold thread on the under side (not shown in the picture above).

b. sample in the middle – bobbin thread – Aurifil #2455 -  shade of pink (100% cotton).  Two top threads same as above (sample # a).   Better all around coverage than the one above.

c. sample on the right  -  bobbin thread – same as sample # b.   Two top threads – Aurifil #2460 – wine red and gold metallic Wonderfil #8858.  This time there is only a bit of the gold showing through.

Sample # 9  -  three strands of soft orange cotton knitting yarn.

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This sample had the orange showing through but the variegated thread colours complement  the final result.

Thread for both the bobbin and top  -  Thread Studio – 100% rayon – Secret Garden with tints of pink and lime green .

Cords can be used in all sorts of ways from wrapping around book covers,  to edgings along the fronts of vests and jackets to loops for buttons,  to cords for draw strings on pocket type bags, to edges of cushions.

Page 5 


Sample #1 -  3 step zigzag

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For this example, I chose 4 different yarns -  fine angora wool in a beige pink, shade of orange cotton knitting yarn, variegated  roving wool in oranges, pinks and violets, and beige grey red orange with a gold thread intertwined.  (quite a combination of threads!!!)

Thread – Thread Studio – 100% rayon Carnivale – orange red, orange, red, and blue.  feed dogs were up.

Hard to see the stitching …. I liked the resulting braid and it held together quite nicely.

Sample #2 – another 3 step zigzag

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4 yarns used – blue green silk ribbon cord, dark blue green wool roving cord, shade of orange knitting cotton yarn, and a variegated yarn with a boucle woven into the mixture in the colours of yellow, orange and red orange.

Thread – Thread Studio – 100% rayon  - Barrier Reef – variegated green to blue green to green.  The feed dogs were up.  Again hard to see the 3 step zigzag!  Liked this cord too!!

Page 6

Sample #4   -  3 step zigzag

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knitting yarns used -  shade of orange cotton (same as the ones above – must like it!!!), loopy yarn (as above), brown beige, red brown with gold thread (same as above). 

Thread – Thread Studio – 100% rayon – Carnivale -  variegated yellow, orange, red orange and red.  Feed dogs down,  “B” foot, foot tension at 2 -  this combination seemed to work the best have several trial and errors.

Made three braids using the same yarns and stitched them all together using the 3 step zigzag. 

The ribbon lay flat and looked really good.

Sample #5 – wide braid with an automatic stitch.

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Yarns – different this time!!    a. wine red with a shade of orange beige twisted together.   b. red to wine red wool roving cord.  c.  red sari silk cord.   d.  wine red, pink, orange  hairy variegated yarn (eyelash) (added a nice dimension to the braid)    Created 3 sets of 3 using a combination of the 4 yarns above.  Each set was stitched using a  3 step zigzag with a sewing 100% cotton in shades of red to red orange.  Stitched the three sets together.  Feed dogs were down, “B” foot used, foot pressure at 2.

Top stitched  using Aurifil – 100% cotton – colour #5002 - pink orange.  feed dogs up, used automatic stitch #17 (zigzag blocks) with a length if 0.4 and a 5 width. Stitched 2 rows.   The result is a nice looking braid.  Also I made it quite a bit longer than the others!!!

Page 7

Sample #6 -  fabric braid using sari silk strips

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A wide piece of sari silk with 2 rows of an automatic leaf pattern #24. Thread used was Aurifil – 100% cotton  - colour # 2885 - dark green.  The stitching bunched up quite a bit.  Maybe using a dissolving stabilizer might have helped.

Sample #7 -  3 pieces of stitched sari silk braided together. 

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All pieces were stitched with Aurifil 100% cotton threads using the automatic leaf pattern stitch #24. 

left piece of pink sari silk stitched  with  colour # 2460 – dark wine red.

middle piece of pale blue violet sari silk stitched with dark red violet

right piece of pale green sari silk stitched with colour # 2885 - dark green

Stitching without a stabilizer was not easy.  These three pieces were braided into a rope shown below.

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Page 8

Sample #8  -  a braid using 3 stitched  strips of unbleached cotton (calico)

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All the strips were stitched with Thread Studio 100% rayon  threads using 4 different variegated colours with the automatic flower pattern #22. Bobbin thread was a dark wine red.  Threads were:

a. Indian Splendour – green, yellow, royal blue,  red

b. Arabian nights – violet, green red, yellow

c. 2 rows on one strip -  Middle Earth – green aqua    AND  no name  red blue, red orange and violet. 

Sample #9  -  stitching on 2 pieces of cotton twill tape

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Used used 3 automatic patterns with the same thread – (Thread Studio 100% rayon – Middle Earth – green to aqua)  -  the  flower pattern #22 down the center of one tape and the leaf pattern #24 down the centre of the second tape.  The two tapes were joined together with automatic pattern #8.

Page 9

Sample #10  -  automatic stitching on felt

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Thread  - top - Thread Studio – 100% rayon – variegated blue, blue green, green. Bobbin – Aurifil 100% cotton – colour #4182 – blue green

2 automatic stitches.  In the centre 2 rows of wavy pattern #14.  I tried to have them in the same wave all the way down.  I did not succeed.   On the two outside edges, I used zigzag block pattern #17.

I used the welding tool to burn away the excess fabric  The sample turned out well!!  The photograph is a bit wonky.  In real life it looked equal in width!!! 

Sample # 11 – more automatic stitching on felt

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Thread -  top –Thread Studio – 100% rayon – Secret Garden  - variegated tints from green to pink.  Bobbin – white polyester.

Three automatic stitches:  double zigzag down the middle stitch #19; either side of middle – zigzag block stitch #17; rows on the outside are double cross stitch #25. 

Another interesting sample!!!

Sample #12  - another automatic stitching on felt

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Thread – top – Wonderfil variegated colour # 8224 – variegated light green to dark green. Bobbin thread – pale green.

Two automatic stitches – flower stitch # 22 down the centre and scalloped edges on the outside using the mirror image for the opposite side.  Again I tried to coordinate these two stitches to little avail.  The excess fabric was burnt off!!! 

Page 10    A bag with a tab!!

The fabric painted with wheat paste that had been stamped with rubber stamp that had a variety of circles .  I used  a piece of blue felt as a stabilizer attaching it to the painted fabric with wonder under. 

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Thread – Thread Studio – 100% rayon – Barrier Reef  for the top thread and a Coats 37% cotton / 63% polyester – medium blue.  It would have been better to have used the same thread for both the top and bobbin as the bobbin thread kept appearing.  I did make a paper template to determine where the button holes were to go and how the tab would work!!  A cute little bag!!!

Page 11     A bag with a  paper bead!!

Using the same rubber stamp as above altering a piece of velvet by the discharge method.

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Thread – Aurifil – 100% cotton colour #2225 – tint of red orange.  Used a piece of felt in a coordinating colour.  The fabric still stretched and so the zigzag stitching is a bit wobbly.  The paper bead is described below. 

Page 12   Beads  and lots of them!! 

Bead #1 -  wheat pasted paper with lots of marks .  the smaller bead is from the oblong triangle and the longer one is made from isosceles triangle.

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Bead #2  - Made from a wheat pasted piece of cloth the shape of a rectangle.  Had lots of trouble getting the glue to stick!!! 

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Sample # 3   -  a bead from a piece of Japanese paper.  No problems with gluing.

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Sample # 4  -  Another piece of Japanese paper

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Page 13

Sample #5  and # 6  -  These two beads were created from a piece of painted felt.  The bead on the top was burnt with a hot air gun.  The colour was intensified.  The bottom bead was burnt with my Margaret Beal welding tool by poking holes into the felt.   Before the burning processes the beads were the same size. 

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Sample # 7 -   A triangle from another piece of hand painted felt burnt with the welding iron to seal the edges together.

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Sample # 8    -    This time I cut a triangle out of an already burnt organzas and bits of gold lame on felt background.  Tired to burn the edges to make them stay but this was not a success.  Looks unique though!! 

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Sample # 9  -   A piece of dyed lutradour that was burnt with a hot air gun.

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Page 14

Sample # 10 -  rolled up several layers of red and gold organzas and used the hot air gun to melt the layers together to create all sorts of interesting patterns.  I wanted to use the left sample with the hole for my velvet bag above but the bead was too fat and not long enough!!! 

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Sample # 11  -  A dyed silk rod rolled up and glued.

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Page 15    Felt buttons.

Felt Balls -  This was not easy to do.  These  two were my first attempt and they were most unsuccessful. 

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My second attempt was more successful.  I did look on line and perfected my technique. 

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Page 16  

Flat felt buttons.    Sample #1  -  this example was created by hand and it was too thick and not the roundest of specimens.  I did machine stitched using the double straight stitch. Not a great success!!

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Samples  #2,  3#,  #4, and  #5  -  These buttons were created with my embellishing machine.  For the top one, I tried too fold under the wispy bits giving a weird shaped button.  It is interesting and would do!!   For the others, I did trim off the excess and continued to embellish to give a neater edge.   

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I have finally finished and there is a lot more that I could have done but I thought I would never have finished this chapter.  Thank you!! 

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Distant Stitch Level 2 Machine Embroidery - Module Three “Flight of Fancy” - Chapter Three - Fancy Edges


This chapter has taken me a long time.  I found each edge I did was such a challenge to match backgrounds, stitches and threads.  I enjoyed it all!! 

Bound edges

Page 1.   Bound edge with at automatic stitched strip cut on the diagonal.

An OK sample …. The green stitching rows are not good.  I did practise on a doodle cloth but obviously not enough. 

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For the fabric edge, I used white polyester cotton with a felt stabilizer. (I should have used a tearaway stabilizer as I was unable to turn under the raw edge!!!)       I stitched rows of automatic flower pattern (#22) using Thread Studio 100% rayon variegated thread Carnivale which ranges from red  to orange to yellow to violet.  In between the flower rows, I used the leaf stitch (#23) using Thread Studio 100% rayon chartreuse in colour. This was all done on the straight grain of the fabric and then cut the strip on the diagonal. 

For the background fabric, I used a piece of polyester cotton coloured with transfer dyes. I used a felt stabilizer. Next to the edge, I added three automatic stitches, four rows of a leaf stitch (#24), two rows of a zigzag wavy stitch (#14), with three rows of a closed type of buttonhole stitch (#11) between the two wavy rows.  The thread used for this border was Thread Studio 100% rayon variegated Ironback with variations from greens to greys. My stitching did a bit of straying about!!!


Page 2.     Bound edge with pin tucks.

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For the edging I used a #2.0 twin needle (I only had one and soon discovered there were several different sizes!!) One thing I learned very quickly was to go very slowly as the thread kept breaking.  I had to make sure that the threads were separated by the thread guide coming from the spools before going into the two tension guides.  The length of stitch was 4.0.  I believe if I used a higher number of twin needle, the stitching may have been easier.  The fabric was thin and the threads were quite fragile!

The fabric used for the twin needling was a piece of fine silk coloured. I used two different colours of thread which were very close in value.  100% polyester embroidery thread colour #860 (red violet) and #620 (violet). The piece was stitched on the straight grain and then cut on the diagonal.  This time I did stitch a larger piece as the one in Sample #1 was a bit small and very constricting in stitching it to the ground piece. 

The ground fabric was a piece of fine cotton handkerchief that got caught on purpose in one of my painting sessions.  I used a piece of tear away for the decorative rows.  Four automatic stitches were used. Row 1 …  wavy zigzag (#14) at 0.5 stitch length.  Row 2  … tulip flowers (#20) with a stitch length of 1.2.   Row 3 … leaf (#24) with a stitch length of 1.5.  Row 4 … scallops (#16) with a stitch length of 0.5.  The same thread was used for all rows …  Thread Studio 100% rayon variegated Secret Garden ranging from pale pink to pale green to off white.  My stitching was much better this time.


Page 3   Burnt edges using an automatic pattern

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For this piece, I chose a piece of black felt.  I used an edging zigzag stitch #8 varying the widths from 4 to 2. The thread used  is polyester Signature size 30  …   colour GEMS a variegated bright multi-coloured thread. I used the soldering iron to burn away the felt on the outside of the piece as well as some of the created windows.   ( I realized, after the stitching was completed, that this thread might melt and I did catch a couple of places.)



Page 4   Burnt edges – free motion   I liked this piece and it would do well along the edge of simple hanging. 

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Another piece of black felt for free motion using the zigzag stitch (feed dogs down).  A heavier thread was used ….  100% cotton Signature size 20.  Again, I chose a bright coloured variegated thread called Tropical Brights.  Again I burnt the excess felt with the soldering iron.   


Page 5    Free motion and burnt edges.

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Another piece of black felt with a free motioned (feed dogs down) zigzag scalloped edges along the bottom of the piece.  Then set the machine to straight stitching and tightened the tension of the top thread to 8.  For the threads, I used 100% cotton Aurifil.  the top thread was shocking pink – colour # 2530 and the bottom thread a pale green – colour # 2880.  I than used a soldering iron to burn away the excess on the scalloped edge.  Quite effective result!!   The zigzag scalloped edge should have been neater.  I needed to practise getting the stiches a bit closer.   


Page 6  Automatic patterns stitched onto sheers and background fabric.          I really liked this piece.  I am sorry that it is a bit out of focus. 

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I chose a piece of hand dyed cotton that was primarily green and yellow with a small amount of red.  On top, there are two pieces of organza with lime green on top of dark red wine.  These three pieces of fabric were  stitched together using an automatic flower stitch (#22 with a 4.0 length) and a leaf pattern (#23 with a 4.5 length ) in alternating rows. 

Thread for the flower pattern – 100% rayon .. variegated thread …. wine red to light to violet to lime green to a shade of orange.  The thread for the bobbin   - 100% cotton Aurifil  .. shade of grey green … colour #2905.  The leaf pattern was stitched from the back to show the green thread. 

The heat gun was used to burn away patches of the organza.  The red organza shows up around the rows of stitches as well as the outside edges of the piece. I then frayed out the bottom edge of the cotton to add another dimension.


Page 7   Corded edges    

On this one I used one piece of fancy knitting yarn. 

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I have done quite a bit wheat paste painting of fabrics.  The wheat paste stiffens the fabric sufficiently enough so that stabilizing fabrics are not needed.  Stitching does not bunch the fabric up!  This piece was originally a piece of satin with circles woven in. I used a piece of knitting thread that had some satin baubles woven along with the acrylic thread. 

Thread  -  100% cotton machine quilting thread  - variegated colours from royal blue to a medium shade of dark blue.  The bobbin thread was a medium coloured grey.

Zigzagging the attached thread was a bit of a challenge with the bauble as you can see a bit of the fabric just right of the middle of the piece.   Then I used two automatic stitches for the decorations above.  Two rows of stitch #21 with a length of 1.  Did a mirror stitch for the second row.  The top automatic zigzag wave stitch (#16) with a length of 0.6.



Page 8   Corded edges continued.

This time I used three pieces of knitting yarn that were braided together. 

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For this sample, I used a piece of cotton that was painted and salt added for a spotted effect. I used a tear away stabilizer.  This time I stitched the braided piece on with the automatic hemming stitch (#13). This worked really well.  Then several automatic patterns above ….  buttonhole like stitch (#18), leaf (#23), flower (#22), cross stitch (#25) and diamond stitch (#11).  My stitching rows should have been straighter!!

Thread – bobbin thread Aurifil Madeira 100% polyester  -  pink.  Top thread  -  Madeira – 100% rayon light pink to dark pink to red brown. 


Page 9  Corded edges continued. 

Using rattail cording.

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Another wheat paste piece.  The wheat pasting was not a success.  I used velvet which was a bit crunchy and harsh to touch.  I used bubble wrap to help develop the design.  Machine stitching was easy.  I used the hemming stitch (#13) to attach the braided rattail cording.  Decorative stitches would not have worked!!! 


Page 10  Corded edges continued

Using a narrow piece of suede like crafting cord. I liked this piece.

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This time I used a piece of handed painted cotton with orange fish stamped across the bottom. The stabilizer was a piece of felt.   I zigzagged the suede strip onto the cotton.  It slipped a bit.  I then free motion stitched around the stamped fish designs.  The border was finished off with an automatic stich (#17)  - length 0.4 and a width of 5.

Thread  - 100% Rayon Victory Embroidery thread  -   colour  #1681 – orange.



Page 11   Corded edges continued 

One of my favourite pieces.

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Another wheat paste sample where no stabilizer is needed.  This time a rubbing plate (a series of squares) was used to mark the fabric. The cord was stitched on with a better accuracy than the previous piece.  Maybe I had improved!!!   For the stitching decoration of the inside squares, I used the double cross (#25) automatic stitch with a width of 4.

Thread  -  100% rayon embroidery thread ….  colour pink. 


Page 12  Corded edges continued

Use of heavy cord.

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Used a piece of felt with no stabilizer.  There was some distortion of the fabric. I used two pieces of red/gold cord.  They were stitched on with an automatic stitch (#12).  This same stitch was used for all the rest of the piece.  The changes were in direction, length and width. 

Thread – 100% rayon Thread Studio – colour #1658  -  wine red’


Page 13  Wired edge 

A interesting effect with  wire and stitching. 

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I chose s stretchy bag that at one time held some garlic.  I placed a piece of red wire in the fold of a white stretchy bag.  I used cable stitch for the whole piece. 

For the bobbin – Madeira glamour overlock thread – viscose and metallic – using two different colours  1. wine red – colour #2415 and 2. black/silver/gold – colour #2584.

For the top thread – Thread Studio – 100% rayon – wine red  – colour #1658

I stitched several automatic stitches – zigzag, leaf (#24), flower (#22) , and button hole like stitches (#11 & #18)

The  manipulation of the wire makes for a good edge. 


Page 14   Single lettuce edge 

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For these lettuce edges I transfer painted a very stretchy white jersey fabric. I really like the end colour effects.  The resulting zigzagging was not as tight as it should have been.  I did try quite a few samples.  Width of the stitch was 4 and the length was 0.6. 

Thread – Thread Studio – 100% rayon – variegated – Indian Splendour (every colour of the rainbow – although not showing in this sample) Used a a red bobbin thread. 


Page 15   Several lettuce edges

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I used the same transfer painted fabrics for these 5 layers as the single lettuce sample.  (stitched on the fold) 

The middle layer had some yellow to give a bit more contrast.  The other layers were similar in colour.

Each layer had a different colour thread and for a change there were no variegated threads.  I used the same thread for the top and in the bobbin.

Threads listed from bottom to the top  – Aurifil 100% cotton – dark red (#2460);     Aurifil 100% cotton – violet (#1243);    Guttermann 100% polyester – yellow (#850);  Mettler 100% polyester – royal blue (#468);      Aurifil 100% cotton – blue green (#4182); 

Each layer was stitched on separately. Length of zigzag stitch 0.5 and width 4.


Page 16  Decorative stitched edges 

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I stitched 3 rows of automatic stitches on two pieces of heavy card. Then these two pieces were attached to the orange felt by one row of stitching which also caught the ends of the grid makers.

stitches for the paper two rows of tulip flower design  (#20)  back to back with a row of double crosses (#25) down the centre between the tulips.

The grid makers were stitched with another flower (#22) automatic stitch on to pieces of gold yellow and green yellow organza.  I then carefully burnt away the excess organza to make these strips.  I think they were quite successful. 

Thread used for everything – Thread Studio 100% rayon – Carnivale  variegated from yellow to orange to red to red violet. 



Page 17  Eyelet  edge

This was a challenge.  I did try to make eyelets just winging the process but I was not very successful.  On my Husqvarna machine, there was no automatic eyelet stitch.  However, I do have a reasonably basic Janome which had an attachment for making buttonholes with a rounded end.   I used the smallest size I could and came up with a tear drop shape.

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I then braided some fancy yarns and wove then forth and back. to give an interesting edge to the piece of felt.

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I chose a piece of baby blue felt .  I did use a tearaway stabilizer which worked well.   I did wish I had used a medium blue felt for the base fabric.  There would have been a better blend of colours with the darker stitching and woven braid.

Two different threads for the eyelets.  In this case it didn’t really matter as the threads and ribbons covered up most of the stitching.         Top row – Mettler  100% polyester (poly sheen multi)   - variegated  colour #9973 pink to red to  violet.  I also used this thread for the bottom edge using a wavy zigzag pattern (#14).    Bottom row – Sulky 100% cotton – variegated blue to violet to red violet. Bobbin thread was a medium shade of violet in all cases.

For the braid, I used  (1) a wide ribbon, (2) 3 strands of embroidery threads and (3) a fancy curly knitting yarn.  (1 and 2 were tray dyed along with some fabric)  The colours were variegated red to red violet to violet.

I burnt away the felt from the bottom edge of the piece with a soldering iron.  I had to be really careful for the polyester thread I used inadvertently would also melt. I was successful!!  


Page 18    Eyelet edge #2

A friend lent me an attachment to make eyelets that was specific for my ‘ancient’ machine!!!  (I purchased the machine in 1989).  Nice large holes were the result.

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I used a piece of dark violet felt with a tearaway stabilizer. 

I zigzagged  twice around each hole  using on the first round a width of 3 and on the second round a width of 4.  For the bottom edge I used a scalloped pattern (#16).  And then a row straight stitching above the eyelets. 

Thread for everything was Thread Studio – Carnivale 100% rayon  - a variegated thread ranging from yellow to orange to red to violet.  The bobbin thread was a dark violet. 

The woven ribbon was a stitched automatic flower pattern (#22) on two pieces of organza (blue and yellow) using the above thread!!   I burnt away the excess organza on the ribbon as well as the excess felt on the bottom scalloped edge.   I would have liked the ribbon to be brighter but the burning does make things darker.  Alone the ribbon looked good.  Maybe the felt should have been a  lighter colour.  Good experimenting  though!!! 


Page 19   Buttonhole edge

Another wheat paste painted piece.  The original fabric was a polyester napkin with scalloped edges.

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I stitched 9 large buttonholes using Thread Studio 100% rayon – colour Ruby variegated from red to violet. I used the same thread for the bobbin.  The decorative stitch above the buttonholes was #11.  It is a bit messy as did stitches on top of each other.  The one closest to the top is the best!!   

For the cord I used 2 satin rat tails (violet and shocking pink) and an open knitting yarn.  I twisted the three together and did the automatic 3-step zigzag over top of all. 


This is a long chapter.  Now, where would I use these edges.  Many of the fancy ones could happily be attached to the bottoms of wall hangings.  The other more cord like ones  could be on the edges of bags or book covers.